If either you or your child needs braces, you should schedule a visit to an orthodontist. At this appointment, the orthodontist can examine your mouth and make recommendations for treatment. Much of the terminology may seem confusing. The following list of terms should help you understand orthodontic basics.
Attached to your brackets, this metal wire helps shift your teeth into the correct position.
A term that describes the relationship between the force you apply to your teeth and how they move or change.
An orthodontic problem that occurs when you have too many teeth in too small an area and results in overlapping teeth.
Often used by dentists and orthodontists, this is a term for teeth, gums, and bone.
When orthodontic devices are cemented to your teeth, they are considered fixed appliances.
Interceptive orthodontic treatment
Also called Phase 1 treatment, interceptive orthodontic treatment is often performed on patients 6 to 10 years old. The goal of early treatment is to address issues that respond best to therapy while a child is still growing. A second phase of treatment may be needed later.
The general term used to describe bite problems.
Sometimes necessary in orthodontic therapy, a palatal expander will make your upper jaw wider.
Either a fixed or removable device, a retainer is an orthodontic appliance that will help keep your teeth in the desired position after you finish corrective orthodontic treatment.
The clear material placed over braces to keep the metal from irritating your gums and mouth.